Life In Canada
As a cold northern
country, Canada will be
one of the most greatly affected countries in the world. Temperatures are rising, particularly in the Arctic, where permafrost is thawing and the ocean's ice cover is shrinking. Even greater changes are expected in the future.

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Ongoing Activities
Interested in ways to help conserve our environment? Check out our ongoing activities to see how you can get involved.

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Emissions Keep Rising

Since the Industrial Revolution, developed countries have produced large quantities of greenhouse gases, primarily by burning fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas. Other human activities, such as the clearing of land for agriculture and urban development, landfills, and other waste disposal methods are adding to the concentration of greenhouse gases in our atmosphere.

Since 1895, concentrations of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere have increased by 31%, while methane and nitrous oxide have increased by 151% and 17% respectively. This increased concentration of the greenhouse gases are enhancing the natural greenhouse effect, causing the Earth to become warmer.


Over the past 250 years, carbon dioxide emissions solely from the burning of fossil fuels have risen sharply. In the late 1700s and early 1800s, emissions equalled less than 1/10 GT of carbon; by 1900, carbon dioxide emissions were just under 1 GT. In 1996, global emissions of car bon dioxide were equal to 6.5 GT of carbon. Much of this carbon dioxide has remained in the atmosphere, causing a sharp increase in the concentration of this particular greenhouse gas.