Life In Canada
As a cold northern
country, Canada will be
one of the most greatly affected countries in the world. Temperatures are rising, particularly in the Arctic, where permafrost is thawing and the ocean's ice cover is shrinking. Even greater changes are expected in the future.

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Ongoing Activities
Interested in ways to help conserve our environment? Check out our ongoing activities to see how you can get involved.

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Why we're Concerned with Climate Change

Over the past 100 years, the average temperature on Earth has increased by more than half a degree Celsius. The 1980s and 1990s were the warmest decades on record, and the 20th century was the warmest in the past 1000 years.

All predictions are that the warming will continue. Scientists around the world predict that average global temperatures are expected to rise by 1.4°C to 6.4°C over the next century.

In Canada, average temperatures in some regions, particularly the north, could rise by as much as 5°C to 7°C.

To put that in perspective, today’s average global temperatures are only about five degrees warmer than they were during the last Ice Age. In North America, this small change in average temperatures was enough to melt the vast ice sheets that once covered much of the continent.


A rise in the overall temperature of the earth affects the climate in regions around the world in different ways.  Rising temperatures will cause:

  • Droughts
  • Heat waves
  • More forest fires
  • Melting icecaps
  • Increased sea levels
  • Floods
  • More severe storms


These changes in weather, sea levels, and land use patterns are collectively called Climate Change.  Climate changes will affect:

  • Agriculture
  • Wildlife
  • Economy